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In-flight connectivity will be the main driver of demand for high-data-rate satellite trunking by 2025

Philip Bates Principal, Consulting
Alexander Gann Consultant, Consulting

"Wi-Fi on board passenger aircraft will become the main driver of demand for next-generation high-data-rate satellites."

Recent forecasts developed by Analysys Mason suggest that demand for Wi-Fi on board passenger aircraft will increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 27% until 2025, becoming the main driver of demand for next-generation high-data-rate satellites.

This is one of the findings from a study that Analysys Mason is carrying out for the European Space Agency (funded by the ARTES Future Preparation programme). The study is exploring the requirements for next-generation high-data-rate satellite trunking systems, which we define as systems that deliver point-to-point connectivity with a bandwidth of at least 10Mbps (uncontended) by 2025. We were asked to develop new regional market forecasts to 2025 for the following markets.

  • Service provider trunking. Traditional point-to-point connectivity for telecoms service providers and mobile backhaul.
  • High-bandwidth enterprise services. Both land-based and offshore services.
  • Mobility platforms. In-flight connectivity (IFC) for passenger aircraft; connectivity for cruise ships, ferries and other large vessels; passenger connectivity on railway trains.

We modelled each of these markets using a bottom-up approach, which considered the number of end points that are likely to be served by satellite for the eight global regions; the average bandwidth required per end point; and the likely evolution of the wholesale price per Mbps (that is, the price that a satellite operator can expect to receive). Figure 1 summarises some of the key findings from our study.

Figure 1: Growth in high-speed satellite trunking revenue (EUR million), 2017–2025

Figure 1: Growth in high-speed satellite trunking revenue (EUR million), 2017–2025


We forecast that the worldwide market for high-speed satellite trunking services will grow in value from EUR1.9 billion in 2017 to EUR4.7 billion in 2025. We believe that the fastest-growing segment will be in-flight connectivity for passenger aircraft, where wholesale revenue will grow from EUR278 million in 2017 to EUR1.9 billion in 2025. The dramatic rate of growth (a seven-fold increase in revenue from 2017 to 2025) is due to a combination of the following factors: a rapid increase in the number of aircraft equipped with satellite-based passenger connectivity (from around 3500 in 2017 to 18 000 in 2025); an increase in the bandwidth provided per connected passenger; and an increase in the proportion of passengers that use the service (arising from improvements in availability and performance). We also forecast that the demand for better connectivity on board cruise ships and ferries will result in a doubling of revenue in the maritime sector from EUR405 million in 2017 to EUR845 million in 2025, making this the second-largest segment after in-flight connectivity.

Land-based applications are more vulnerable to being replaced by terrestrial fixed networks (fibre or microwave). The satellite point-to-point connectivity market for telecoms service providers has declined considerably in recent years as submarine and terrestrial fibre networks have reached previously unconnected islands and inland areas. We expect this trend to continue and therefore forecast that wholesale revenue from inland and island trunking will shrink by 35% from EUR422 million in 2017 to EUR275 million in 2025. However, we forecast modest growth in the number of mobile sites with satellite backhaul. This, coupled with increased bandwidth per site as a higher proportion of satellite-connected sites that support 3G and 4G networks, will result in wholesale revenue increasing by almost 60% over the forecast period. The number of land-based enterprise sites addressable by satellite will decline over the forecast period, but we expect penetration of this shrinking target market to increase along with bandwidth per site. The wholesale revenue will therefore increase by almost 90% over this period.

We expect to see considerable variations in the bandwidth required per end point across the applications that we have considered. In our view, cruise ships are likely to require the most bandwidth per endpoint, with the average requirement potentially exceeding 500Mbps by 2025 (there are expected to be almost 100 cruise ships, with a maximum passenger capacity in excess of 3000 by 2025). At the low end of the range, average bandwidth per end point for mobile backhaul and enterprise sites is expected to be just over 10Mbps in 2025 in some regions.

All of the forecasts are, of course, dependent on the price of satellite capacity. We have assumed that between 2017 and 2025 the effective price per Mbps will fall by more than 50% in all segments, with particularly steep declines in mobile backhaul and in-flight connectivity. We believe that mobile backhaul, inland and island service provider trunking and land-based enterprise are the most price-sensitive segments, while offshore sites and mobility platforms will sustain higher prices per Mbps. However, spectral efficiency is likely to be lower in mobility markets, and so the higher prices per Mbps will not necessarily translate into better profit margins for satellite operators that serve these segments.

Analysys Mason has considerable experience of forecasting demand and pricing for all types of satellite and terrestrial services. For more information about our satellite consulting services, please contact Philip Bates, Principal, Consulting.