Economic impact of Google’s APAC network infrastructure report 2022 update - focus on Japan
This report is an update of the Economic impact of Google’s APAC network infrastructure report, released in 2020. The original report described how network infrastructure is the critical link between content and services in content, application and service provider (CASP) data centres, and customers and end users on internet service provider (ISP) networks. The original report and this updated version examine how Google’s investments in network infrastructure have made, and continue to create, a positive impact on the connectivity ecosystem across Asia–Pacific (APAC).
Since 2020, digital connectivity and the economic landscape of Japan have seen significant development, largely due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, and Network infrastructure investments made by Google have continued apace. Google has invested in three currently deployed cables (Unity, SJC and FASTER) and announced investment in a further two cables (Topaz and Apricot). Apart from investments in international capacity, Google has also continued its investments in edge infrastructure. Google has deployed points of presence (PoPs) in nine private peering facilities and cross-connected to internet exchange points (IXPs) at 11 locations. Google also invests in content caches, and Google Global Cache (GGC) nodes already deployed in 31 cities across Japan. These investments generate social benefits by supporting new use cases and economic benefits in the form of GDP growth and jobs.
The regulatory environment surrounding Japan’s submarine cable infrastructure is strong and conducive to foreign investment. This regulatory environment, coupled with Japan’s location on the eastern edge of Asia, has made the country one of the main submarine cable hubs in the region. However, Japan can further support the submarine cable industry. The government could facilitate discussions between the fishery industry and submarine cable owners – an area that has been historically difficult and introduces substantial uncertainty into cable landings in Japan. Japan could also enable submarine cable owners to deploy spare shore-end cables terminating at the beach manhole without having to go through new applications each time as this would speed up deployment processes for subsequent cables that need to connect to the same cable landing station. Finally, new regulations such as those in the new National Economic Security bill should continue to enable future network infrastructure investments.
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