Green 5G: building a sustainable world

27 July 2020 | Research

Caroline Gabriel | Andrew Yi-Ju Chern

Perspective | PDF (48 pages) | Operator Investment Strategies| Next-Generation Wireless Networks

“A high-capacity, ubiquitous and low-latency 5G network will enhance energy efficiency and help to avert climate change.”

Free perspective

The planet is facing a climate emergency which, if not tackled immediately, threatens every aspect of life. 5G is being deployed at a time when energy efficiency is a matter of life or death, and it can play a significant role in helping every industry to hit sustainability goals by enabling them to transform their processes and behaviour.

Modern lifestyles have driven a sharp increase in energy usage, 85% of which was still based on fossil fuels in 2018. Use of fossil fuels is one of the key factors driving higher emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG), which contribute to global warming. This, in turn, has multiple dangerous impacts on the environment and on human life, such as natural disasters and the destruction of human and animal habitats. GHG emissions rose by 1.5% per year between 2008 and 2018, according to the United Nations (UN) Emissions Gap Report 2019, and total GHG emissions reached a record high of 55.3 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) in 2018.


Green 5G: building a sustainable world



Caroline Gabriel

Research Director, expert in network and cloud strategies and architecture